Vertigo is marked with a feeling of dizziness as if you are spinning or the world is spinning around you. You may feel the urge to hold onto something to maintain balance and not fall during a vertigo. Often, vertigo is linked with dysfunction in ear structures or the brain that is responsible for the body’s sense of balance. Vertigo attacks, mainly when triggered by an allergy, may last for a few seconds to several days.
While it is true that vertigo is caused by a problem in the inner ear that is responsible or balance works, it can also be triggered by other brain conditions.
Causes of vertigo may include:
- Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo – when vertigo is triggered by specific head movements
- Migraines – extreme headaches
- Labyrinthitis – an inflammation in the inner ear
- Vestibular neuronitis – an inflammation in the vestibular nerve, which sends signal to the brain to help control balance
- Meniere’s disease – where fluid builds up in the ear and can cause vertigo
- Cholesteatoma – a noncancerous skin growth in the ear because of recurring ear infections
Other conditions that can lead to vertigo may also include:
- Migraine headaches
- Certain medications
- Head injuries
- Prolonged bed rest
- Shingles in or near the ear
- Ear surgery
- Perilymphatic fistula – when inner ear fluid leaks into the middle ear
- Low blood pressure (orthostatic hypotension)
- Ataxia – muscle weakness.
- Otosclerosis – a bone growth problem affecting the middle ear
- Brain disease
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Acoustic neuroma
Meds for Vertigo
Nasal steroids, antihistamines, leukotriene receptor antagonists, sublingual immunotherapy, oral corticosteroids, allergy shots, oral decongestants, benzodiazepines and antiemetics are used for the treatment of vertigo caused by allergies.
Taking other vertigo meds depend on what type of vertigo you have. For example, migraine-related vertigo responds effectively to drugs that can prevent migraines. Meanwhile, dimenhydrinate (Dramamine) and meclizine (Bonine) are for those experiencing acute vertigo. Intermittent vertigo, provoked by the head or neck movement, typically responds well to vestibular rehabilitation, a particular type of physical therapy.
There are different types of anti-vertigo drugs you can buy online that can be used for treatment. However, consultation with a doctor is necessary if dizziness persists to determine future medical steps.
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