Stomach Issues Medicines
Medically, stomach issues are known as gastrointestinal diseases. These affect the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to the anus. Some examples may include diarrhea, food poisoning, nausea, vomiting among others. There are two types of gastrointestinal diseases, which can be functional or structural.
Functional stomach issues are the most common problem that affect the gastrointestinal tract. Constipation, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), GERD, gas bloating, nausea, as well as diarrhea can be categorically labeled as functional digestive disorders. Functional gastrointestinal diseases are those in which the GI tract could look like normal when examined, but does not behave or move efficiently. Poor diet, physical inactivity, stress, and even overusing antidiarrheal drugs which may weaken the bowel muscles can all contribute to developing functional stomach issues.
On the other hand, structural stomach issues are those where the stomach looks abnormal upon medical check-up and also does not function well. Examples of structural digestive problems include constipation, stenosis, strictures, colon polyps, colon cancer, hemorrhoids, perianal abscesses, and other inflammatory bowel diseases. Oftentimes, treatment for structural gastrointestinal diseases may require surgery.
Many gastrointestinal diseases can be prevented or even minimized. A healthy lifestyle and good eating habits may lessen the chances of developing serious stomach issues. An early screening is recommended for individuals who are prone or have a history of cancer in the family.
Undergoing colonoscopy is advisable for patients who are moderately at risk, more specifically those who are in their mid 40s. Colonoscopy is an examination of the bowel for any signs of swelling, irritations, polyps, and cancer. A long, flexible tube with light and a small camera is inserted in the rectum to observe abnormal bowel movements and elements.