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Male-pattern baldness

Male pattern baldness

Male-pattern baldness, also known as androgenetic alopecia, affects millions of men around the world. It is distinguished by a receding hairline and thinning crown, which can eventually lead to total baldness in some cases. Understanding male-pattern baldness is critical for men who are experiencing hair loss and want to take preventative measures.

Causes of Male Pattern Baldness Causes

Genetics and hormonal changes are the primary causes of male-pattern baldness. Testosterone, a hormone found in higher concentrations in men than in women, is converted into dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which can shrink hair follicles and cause hair loss.

Thyroid disease, autoimmune disorders, and fungal infections are all medical conditions that can cause hair loss.

Male-Pattern Baldness Symptoms

Male-pattern baldness is characterized by the following:

  • a receding hairline
  • thinning crown
  • eventually, complete baldness.


Note: Hair loss on the temples and back of the head can occur in some cases.

Diagnosis and Treatment

A physical examination, medical history, and blood tests can be used to diagnose male-pattern baldness. A scalp biopsy may also be performed by your doctor to rule out other causes of hair loss. To determine the best course of treatment, it is critical to seek a proper diagnosis from a doctor or dermatologist.

It can be treated with over-the-counter and prescription medications, hair transplant surgery, low-level laser therapy, and platelet-rich plasma therapy.

Two of the most commonly used medications for treating male-pattern baldness are minoxidil and finasteride. Minoxidil is a topical solution that is applied to the scalp, whereas finasteride is an oral medication that prevents testosterone from converting to DHT.

Hair transplant surgery involves moving hair follicles from a healthy part of the scalp to a bald or thinning area of the scalp. On the other hand, low-level laser therapy employs low-level laser light to stimulate hair growth and improve scalp health. Another treatment is platelet-rich plasma therapy, which promotes hair growth and improves scalp health by using the patient’s own blood plasma.

Changes in Lifestyle for Male-Pattern Baldness

Making lifestyle changes, in addition to medical treatment, can manage male-pattern baldness. A healthy diet rich in vitamins and minerals can promote hair health and prevent hair loss.

Stress management, such as yoga, meditation, or exercise, can also prevent hair loss and promote  overall health and wellness. It is also advisable to avoid  harsh hairstyles such as tight braids, ponytails, hair ironing and frequent blow drying to support a healthy hair growth.


Male-pattern baldness is a common condition that affects millions of men around the world. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for baldness is critical for those who are experiencing hair loss and want to take preventative measures. It is possible to regain your confidence with dense hair if you get the right treatment and adjust your lifestyle. If you are experiencing hair loss, consult with a doctor or dermatologist.

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