Antibiotics are a type of drugs that prevent bacterial infection. They work by effectively killing or preventing bacteria from multiplying and causing sickness. Antibiotics have helped increase life expectancy by fighting various deadly infections.
There are a variety of bacterial infections that can be treated through antibiotics. These are ear and sinus infections, dental infections, skin infections, meningitis, strep throat, bladder and kidney infections, bacterial pneumonia, whooping cough, and clostridioides difficile. Antibiotics may not work totally or as effectively in treating viral infections as they are specifically meant for treating bacterial diseases. Antibiotics should not be taken as a medication for colds, sore throats, flu, and bronchitis.
Antibiotics can be taken orally, topically, and intravenously. Oral antibiotics may come in the form of pills, capsules, or liquids. Similarly, topical antibiotics may be applied as cream, spray, or ointment. These two types of antibiotics are the most common. However, for in certain severe cases, doctors may suggest intravenous antibiotics or antibiotic injections.
The side effects of antibiotics may range from mild to serious conditions. Common side effects include rashes, nausea, diarrhea and yeast infections. More serious side effects can lead major allergic reactions. In some cases, antibiotic dependency may advance to antibiotic resistance against bacterial infections. When this happens, a higher dosage of antibiotics may be needed. With that, antibiotics should be taken responsibly and with doctor’s supervision.